Study The Effect of Proppant Concentration of Screen-Out Phenomena While Hydraulic Fracture Job


  • Mohammed Abdul AlHumairi university of Misan
  • Samera Hamad Allah2



screen out is a blocking of the fracture path caused by bridging the path or accumulation of the
proppant inside the fracture, clumping or lodging of the (solid particles) proppant across the hydraulic
fracture width that causes to restrict formation fluid to flow into the hydraulically fractured formation. To
avoid the screen out happening needing to save fracturing fluids, hydraulic horsepower. Conditions that
leading to screen out during the hydraulic fracturing job in a well, such as, the ratio between the fracture
widths to particle diameter that called (β), proppant concentration,  and wall roughness. The effects of
these factors are investigated experimentally in the present work by building an apparatus that meet the
shape of the real hydraulic fracture. The plugging time were measured and monitored through glass
windows on both sides of the apparatus to follow the behavior of the proppant inside the fracture during the
flow of the fracturing fluid or when the proppant plugs the fracture. To study the effect of the fracture wall
roughness on the screen out phenomena, apparatus was build to get two different fracture shapes, to meet
the real fracture wall in reality. Through the relation between the different proppant concentration and the
plugging time, one can indicate on the graph the plugging region and non plugging region for different
values of β, proppant concentration and fracture shape, in order to avoid the screen out. During designing
the hydraulic fracture, the values of β were very important factor that can lead to screen out, through the
results found that when β=1, the screen out happened very fast even at low proppant concentration, but for
β=2, 3 and 4 the screen out depends on the proppant concentration and fracture shape. For β=5 it was found
that, there is no screen out occurring for wide range of proppant concentration. The effect of hydraulic
fracture wall roughness is important because it effect the speed of the suspension when passing through the




How to Cite

AlHumairi, M. A., & Hamad Allah2, S. . (2022). Study The Effect of Proppant Concentration of Screen-Out Phenomena While Hydraulic Fracture Job. Misan Journal of Engineering Sciences, 1(2), 112–137.